Catalog Review

For Course Qualities In Effect For 2012-13

Process Date: 02-AUG-2014

GEOL - Geology

110 INTRODUCTORY GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Introductory Geology  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 24 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL02 - Introductory Course
Prerequisites:
Description: An introduction to the study of the Earth, examining the interdependent global systems (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, tectosphere) that set Earth apart from its planetary neighbors. Emphasis is also placed on human participation in and perturbation of these systems. One lab per week. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.

150 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Active
  Long Title: Environmental Science  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: ENST 150 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 20 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL02 - Introductory Course
Prerequisites: Freshman or sophomore standing; consent of instructor required for juniors and seniors
Description: Presents principles of biology, chemistry, geology, and physics that relate to such environmental issues as resource limitation, pollution, and environmental degradation. Designed to foster understanding of scientific measures of environmental quality. One laboratory per week.

191 DIRECTED STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Directed Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 14 - Directed Study Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL02 - Introductory Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.

195 INTERNSHIP IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Internship in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 08 - Internship/Practica Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A010 - Internship
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL02 - Introductory Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: An opportunity for students to gain work experience in industry, government, or the non-profit sector. The academic component, supervised by a Lawrence instructor, includes readings, discussion with the instructor, and a formal presentation and written report, which can be used to satisfy the geology department’s senior seminar requirement. (Grades are based on this academic work.) Intended to be used for research that is later developed into an honors project. Applications for an internship must be submitted by the fifth week of the term preceding the proposed internship.

210 HISTORY OF THE EARTH AND LIFE Active
  Long Title: History of the Earth and Life  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 210 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110
Description: A study of the physical, chemical, and organic evolution of the Earth since its origin 4.5 billion years ago, with emphasis on times of change and crisis. The course also examines the evolution of ideas about Earth’s history, illustrating how science and culture are inherently entangled.

213 GEOLOGY AND HEALTH Active
  Long Title: Geology and Health  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 213 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110
Description: A course investigating the links between geology and health, considering topics such as asbestos, natural and anthropogenic water contamination, and cycling of trace elements as both contaminants and necessary nutrients. Designed to illuminate the link between the seemingly disparate fields of geology and the health of life on earth.

214 WEATHER CLIMATE & CHANGE Active
  Long Title: Weather, Climate, and Climate Change  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 214 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 16 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 or 150
Description: A study of basic meteorologic principles and climate patterns. These phenomena will be discussed in relation to evidence of past climate change and implications of global warming on future climate.

215 ORIGINS: SOLR SYS, EARTH, LIFE Active
  Long Title: Origins: Solar System, Earth, Life  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: PHYS 212 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 24 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Introductory course in any two different natural sciences; at least one intermediate course in a natural science; and at least sophomore standing.
Description: This course explores questions of deep origins—of the Solar System, Earth, and Life—and how these can be addressed through the methods of physics, geology, and biology. Topics considered include stellar evolution, planetary formation, the origin of the Moon, the differentiation of the Earth, and geological and biological constraints on the nature of the earliest lifeforms.

216 APOCALYPSES Active
  Long Title: Apocalypses: The Earth, The Solar System, and the Universe  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: PHYS 216 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 16 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Introductory course in any two different natural sciences; at least one intermediate course in a natural science; sophomore standing
Description: This course explores the questions of endings—of the Universe, Solar System, Earth and Life—and how these can be addressed through the methods of astronomy, physics, and geology. Topics considered include environmental and planetary catastrophies, the late evolution of the Earth and the Sun, and the cosmological fate of the Universe. Apocalypses is intended as a bookend to the Origins course (PHYS 212/BIOL 212/GEOL 215).

220 ENVR REMOTE SENSING & GIS APPL Active
  Long Title: Environmental Remote Sensing and GIS Applications  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 220 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 16 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110; high school physics recommended
Description: Fundamentals of electromagnetic radiation and the interaction of radiation with matter are introduced as the basis of remote sensing. Interpretation and manipulation of remotely sensed images are used to demonstrate the wealth of information remote sensing provides. Applications and case studies from geology, environmental science, ecology, agronomy, and urban planning will be explored. High school physics recommended. Lecture and laboratory.

240 EARTH CHEMISTRY: LOW TEMP Active
  Long Title: Chemistry of the Earth: Low-Temperature Environments  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 240 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 and CHEM 115; concurrent enrollment in GEOL 245
Description: An introduction to the geochemical processes at the Earth¿s surface. Emphasis is placed on how chemical processes such as thermodynamics, phase equilibria, and oxidation-reduction reactions shape the Earth surface and near-surface environments.

245 MINERALOGICAL ANALYSIS Active
  Long Title: Mineralogical Analysis  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in GEOL 240/ENST 240
Description: This course serves as an introduction to mineralogical analyses. Students will utilize a variety of analytical techniques including Polarized Light Microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Scanning Electron Microscopy to study crystallography and mineral chemistry. Students will use these tools to analyze a variety of geological samples including rocks, soils, and sediments. Intended to be taken simultaneously with GEOL 240.

250 EARTH CHEMISTRY: HIGH TEMP Active
  Long Title: Chemistry of the Earth: High-Temperature Environments  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 and CHEM 116; GEOL 240 and GEOL 245
Description: Introduction to the chemical processes that form igneous and metamorphic rocks, with emphasis on how mineralogical, chemical, and isotopic clues can be used to gather information about Earth’s early history and its inaccessible interior. One lab per week.

320 PRINCIPLES OF PALEONTOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Principles of Paleontology  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 260 (strongly recommended) or GEOL 210 or BIOL 235 or consent of instructor
Description: A reading course on topics in current and classic paleontological research. Evolutionary trends and their recognition in the fossil record, morphological convergence, and paleoecology. One meeting per week.

340 ADVANCED GEOCHEMISTRY Active
  Long Title: Advanced Geochemistry  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 340 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 240 and CHEM 115, or consent of instructor; CHEM 116 recommended
Description: A more detailed investigation of geochemical principles and processes through the investigation of important geochemical issues. Readings come heavily from the primary literature.

350 ISLANDS AND ISOLATION Active
  Long Title: Islands and Isolation  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: ENST 350 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Any of the following: ANTH 120, ANTH 140, BIOL 210, BIOL 235, BIOL 245, GEOL 210, GEOL 260 or consent of instructor
Description: This course examines islands and the situation of isolation across the fields of geology, evolutionary biology, and human geography. Topics include island formation, dynamics of isolated natural and human populations, and the historical importance of islands in the study of natural history. The course includes laboratories and field trips.

360 SURFICIAL PROCESSES Active
  Long Title: Physics of the Earth: Surface Environments  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 360 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 and 240 or consent of instructor; PHYS 141 or 151 recommended
Description: This course studies the movement of water, solute, and sediment through the landscape and the resulting properties and distribution of surficial earth materials and landforms. Topics include weathering; soil development; runoff; mass movement; river, glacial, and coastal processes; and deposition in sedimentary environments. One lab per week.

370 SUB-SURFACE PHY PROCESSES Active
  Long Title: Physics of the Earth: Sub-Surface Processes  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 240 or consent of instructor
Description: Introduction to the study of the mechanics of Earth’s crust and mantle, including mountain-building processes, seismicity and faulting, mantle convection, interpretation of deformed rocks. Four-day field trip late in term. One lab per week.

390 TUTORIAL IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Tutorial Studies in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 09 - Tutorial Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced work, arranged and carried out in consultation with an instructor.

391 DIRECTED STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Directed Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 14 - Directed Study Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.

395 INTERNSHIP IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Internship in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 08 - Internship/Practica Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A010 - Internship
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: An opportunity for students to gain work experience in industry, government, or the non-profit sector. The academic component, supervised by a Lawrence instructor, includes readings, discussion with the instructor, and a formal presentation and written report, which can be used to satisfy the geology department’s senior seminar requirement. (Grades are based on this academic work.) Intended to be used for research that is later developed into an honors project. Applications for an internship must be submitted by the fifth week of the term preceding the proposed internship.

399 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Independent Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 10 - IS Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL03 - Foundation/Gateway Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced research, arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering an honors project should register for this course, for one or more terms.

425 HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS Active
  Long Title: Prehistoric Human-Environment Interactions  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 425 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 or GEOL 150 or ENST 150 or ANTH 120
Description: This course focuses on the interrelationships between prehistoric humans and their environment on a variety of temporal and geographic scales. Topics include the detection and analysis of prehistoric environmental degradation, the possible impacts of natural and anthropogenically induced environmental change on prehistoric humans, and the modern significance of such interrelationships.

426 BIOGEOGRAPHY Active
  Long Title: Biogeography  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 426 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: One of GEOL 110, ENST 150, BIOL 110, BIOL 120; or consent of instructor
Description: Students will learn about past and present geographic distribution of plants, animals, and other organisms throughout the history of the earth and how these patterns can be reconstructed. An in-depth understanding of the basic controls on species distributions is vital to predicting future impacts of global climate change on ecological systems and is a key aspect of effective conservation efforts.

427 PALEOLIMNOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Paleolimnology  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 427 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 or ENST 150 or consent of instructor
Description: Students will learn about the study of lake systems through time. This includes lake formation, changes in watershed vegetation, water chemistry, hydrology, and disturbance regimes. The course will consist of a mixture of lectures, field trips, and labs. Students should be prepared to go on field trips to local lakes where we will recover sediment cores for analysis during the term. One lab per week.

430 WATERSHED HYDROLOGY Active
  Long Title: Watershed Hydrology  
Units: 6 Cross-Listing Parent: GEOL 430 Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: 24 IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 04 - Standard Plus Lab Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A001 - Laboratory Course
A005 - Cross-Listed Course
G014 - Nat Sci Lab Course GER (86cr)
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G038 - NS Lab Course GER (01cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110; PHYS 141 or 151 recommended
Description: An introduction to the basic components of the hydrologic cycle, focusing on surface water and groundwater systems. Measurement and analysis of hydrologic data are emphasized. Application to contemporary issues such as flooding, watershed development, and groundwater contamination will be discussed.

520 SELECTED TOPICS IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Seminar in Selected Topics in Geology  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Declared geology majors only
Description: An opportunity for students to read and analyze primary literature on significant topics in geology.

550 SEMINAR IN FIELD GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Seminar in Field Geology  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 110 and consent of instructor
Description: During spring break, winter break, or prior to Term I, students conduct field investigations at an area of geological complexity, such as the Grand Canyon, Death Valley, Wyoming, Hawaii, the Florida Keys, southern Colorado, or Puerto Rico. May be repeated for credit.

580 JUNIOR SEMINAR IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Junior Seminar in Geology  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Declared geology major or minor and junior standing, or consent of instructor.
Description: The goal of the Junior Seminar is to engage geology majors in the scientific process. The course begins with consideration of the history of geology as a discipline. We discuss modes of thinking that are shared with other scientific disciplines as well as those unique to the geosciences, and we read seminal papers that shaped the development of the field. With the guidance of a faculty member, each student identifies a topic to investigate in depth. Students lead discussions, prepare literature reviews and give final presentations on their topics. The topic a student explores in the junior seminar may be (but is not required to be) the same as the one studied intensively in the Senior Capstone course (GEOL 620). For some students, the junior seminar topic may also be linked to a research project to be continued over the summer and/or through the student's senior year as an independent study or honors project.

590 TUTORIAL IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Tutorial Studies in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 09 - Tutorial Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced work, arranged and carried out in consultation with an instructor.

591 DIRECTED STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Directed Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 14 - Directed Study Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.

595 INTERNSHIP IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Internship in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 08 - Internship/Practica Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A010 - Internship
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: An opportunity for students to gain work experience in industry, government, or the non-profit sector. The academic component, supervised by a Lawrence instructor, includes readings, discussion with the instructor, and a formal presentation and written report, which can be used to satisfy the geology department’s senior seminar requirement. (Grades are based on this academic work.) Intended to be used for research that is later developed into an honors project. Applications for an internship must be submitted by the fifth week of the term preceding the proposed internship.

599 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Independent Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 10 - IS Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL04 - Advanced Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced research, arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering an honors project should register for this course, for one or more terms.

620 SENIOR CAPSTONE IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Senior Capstone in Geology  
Units: 3 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: No
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: No
Permission Req.: No Schedule Type: 01 - Standard Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL05 - Capstone Course
Prerequisites: GEOL 580, declared geology major or minor and senior standing, or consent of instructor.
Description: The goal of this course is to assist geology majors in becoming scientific practitioners. The course places emphasis on framing testable hypotheses, collecting and analyzing meaningful datasets, and developing models of geologic phenomena. Each student applies these skills to a particular project or problem in the earth sciences.

690 TUTORIAL IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Tutorial Studies in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 09 - Tutorial Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL05 - Capstone Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced work, arranged and carried out in consultation with an instructor.

691 DIRECTED STUDY IN GEOL Active
  Long Title: Directed Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 14 - Directed Study Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL05 - Capstone Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.

695 INTERNSHIP IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Internship in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 08 - Internship/Practica Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: A010 - Internship
G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL05 - Capstone Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: An opportunity for students to gain work experience in industry, government, or the non-profit sector. The academic component, supervised by a Lawrence instructor, includes readings, discussion with the instructor, and a formal presentation and written report, which can be used to satisfy the geology department’s senior seminar requirement. (Grades are based on this academic work.) Intended to be used for research that is later developed into an honors project. Applications for an internship must be submitted by the fifth week of the term preceding the proposed internship.

699 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN GEOLOGY Active
  Long Title: Independent Study in Geology  
Units: 1 TO 98 Cross-Listing Parent: Repeatable: Yes
S/U Only: No Enr Limit per Sec: None IP Allowed: Yes
Permission Req.: Yes Schedule Type: 10 - IS Campus: Appleton Main Campus
Attributes: G016 - Add Nat Sci GER (86cr)
G040 - Nat Science Div GER (01cr)
N006 - BM Natural Science (95cr)
N015 - BM Natural Science (01cr)
S016 - Geology Course
UD03 - Division of Natural Science
UL01 - Upper Level Degree Credit
UL05 - Capstone Course
Prerequisites: Counter Registration Required.
Description: Advanced research, arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering an honors project should register for this course, for one or more terms.