Sexism Research

Glick and Fiske’s Ambivalent Sexism Inventory has been completed by over 100,000 people in more than 50 nations. Comparisons using national averages show that both hostile and benevolent sexism predict structural gender inequality using the United Nation’s Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) and similar indices.

Take the ASI at Scott Plous’s prejudice website, which has collected ASI data from over 50 nations worldwide with more than 60,000 participants.

Take the ASI

Read Glick & Fiske’s 2001 American Psychologist article intended for a general audience. The article summarizes a 19-nation study using the ASI (the original study and a second 16-nation study were each published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 2000 and 2004).

2000 2001 2004

This chart, based on data from cross-national studies, reveals that both hostile and benevolent sexism negatively correlate with the number of women in high status business and government positions across nations. In other words, even benevolent sexism predicts less gender equality.