PHIL220: History of Philosophy: Berkeley, Hume, Kant, and MILL


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Introduction to Philosophy
Symbolic Logic
Berkeley, Hume, Kant, & Mill
Early Analytic Philosophy
Philosophy of Science
Philosophy of Art
Philosophy of Language
Philosophy of Mind
Topics in Logic
Puzzles and Paradoxes

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  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. George Berkeley.
  • Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding. David Hume.
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics. Immanuel Kant.
  • Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals. Immanuel Kant.
  • Utilitarianism. John Stuart Mill.
  • The Philosopher's Dictionary. (2nd ed.) Robert Martin.

4 of 6 pop-quizzes, a mid-term exam, and a final exam.

Of the 100 (possible) points, 20 are from the pop-quizzes, 40 are from the mid-term, 40 are from the final exam.

A. Introduction.
B. Berkeley.

  • Berkeley's Idealism and critique of Materialism1.
  • Critique of Abstractionism.
  • Berkeley's Idealism and critique of Materialism2.
  • Replies to anticipated objections.
C. Hume.
  • On impressions.
  • On experience.
  • Hume's Problem of Induction.
  • On the belief that there are bodies
  • On the self.
D. Kant.
  • The synthetic-a priori.
  • Kantian Metaphysics.
  • Kantian Ethics.
E. Mill.
  • Millian Ethics.
  • Mill's Phenomenalism.

F. Conclusions. Getting outside the circle of one's own ideas.

Description: George Berkeley in America

Berkeley's "Whitehall." Berkeley lived here, near Newport, RI, from 1728 to 1731. I served as "Philosopher in Residence at Whitehall" during the summers of 1982 and 1984.


Description: To be is to be percieved.
George Berkeley
Description: Reason is and ought to be the slave of the passions.
David Hume
Description: How would you feel if, as a law of nature, everybody acted as you are about to act?
Immanuel Kant
Description: Maximize 'utility' baby!
John Stuart Mill